Apple’s Mac product line has changed a lot recently, and if you’re looking for a new Mac, you have a number of options to consider. For some people, it’s a simple choice, but for others, the choice can be more complex.
You may need a desktop Mac, and you currently have four options for that type of computer. If you want a laptop, you have several options in models, features, and screen sizes. But you might want to use a laptop on your desk as well, increasing the number of possibilities. In this article, I’m going to help you choose which Mac you need according to your use case.
Apple’s M1 & M2 processors
The biggest change in recent years regarding the choice of new Macs is the release of Macs running Apple’s M1 processors, which started in late 2020. In mid-2022, Apple had transitioned all their Macs but one to these in-house chips. Apple’s initial presentation of these new computers was so stunning that Mac users couldn’t believe what they were seeing. The speed and power consumption promised was unexpected, and this was borne out in benchmarks and real-world usage.
The first M1 models featured a processor with eight cores; think of a core as a mini-processor. Much of the work we do uses just a single core, but demanding tasks use multiple cores working simultaneously.
The second round of M1 Macs – using what Apple is calling the M1 Pro and M1 Max processors – focused on the MacBook Pro. With two models, 14″ and 16″, these are real pro laptops. They come with 8 or 10 cores, plus additional graphic cores, and allow you to add more memory than the first M1 Macs.
And in March, 2022, Apple brought out the M1 Ultra, in its then-new Mac Studio. This processor is made up of two M1 Max processors, using a die-to-die interconnect, providing parallel processing.
In June 2022, Apple announced the first Macs with the next-generation M2 processor. While this new processor doesn’t show huge leaps in performance compared to the M1, it is an improvement, notably in its ability to offer up to 24 GB RAM. The 13″ M2 MacBook Pro retains all the features of the previous model, with a speed bump, and Apple claims that it is 1.4x faster than the M1 model.
The M2 MacBook Air is a totally new take on Apple’s lightest laptop. Gone is the aerodynamic wedge shape, and it now looks a bit like two iPad Pros stacked together. Still fanless, the M2 MacBook Air adds a Liquid Retina display, MagSafe charging, and boasts up to 18 hours of battery life. This comes with a price: it’s now $200 more expensive than the M1 model, which is still being sold at its original price of $999.
With just about all of Apple’s product line now updated to the company’s own processors, you don’t have to worry about getting a Mac with a backward-looking Intel processor (unless you need one; see below). You have options at all prices, and in just about all possible form factors. The first wave of M1 Macs, released in late 2020, included the MacBook Air, the 13″ MacBook Pro, and the Mac mini. The the 24″ iMac was released in May 2021, and in October 2021, Apple added two MacBook Pro models, a 14″ and a 16″. Then came the new Mac Studio, in March 2022, a mid-sized computer between the Mac mini and Mac Pro; this latter is the only Mac to not yet have Apple silicon. Finally, the initial 13″ M2 MacBook Pro and MacBook Air show great promise toward the future of Apple’s processors.
M1 iMacs come in seven colors.
One important point: if you depend on software that has not been and won’t be updated to work well on Apple’s M1 processor, or if you absolutely need a Mac with an Intel processor because you want to run Windows on your Mac using Boot Camp, then now is the time to get one. The only ones still sold, at the time of this writing, are one Mac mini model and the Mac Pro. Soon, all Macs will have Apple’s processors. But you will also be able to find plenty of used Macs with Intel processors, or even refurbished models from Apple’s online store.
Before March 2022, I said that, if money is no object, and you need a workhorse, then don’t waste too much time. Go for the Mac Pro. At $5,999 and up, this was the Rolls Royce of the desktop Mac, and you can configure it to a staggering cost – over $50,000 – if you want it to be lightning-fast, with lots of RAM and SSD storage. However, it looks like Apple will soon be releasing a version of this computer with its own processors, so this is not a good time to buy the Mac Pro. If you absolutely have to have a fast Intel Mac, then you’ll still want this, but Apple’s new Mac Studio, released in March, 2022, is the way to go if you’re a pro.
The Mac Pro with Apple’s Pro Display XDR.
You don’t buy a Mac Pro just for the speed, but also for the ability to add copious amounts of RAM, tons of storage, potentially use it with high-speed networking cards, and much more. Paired with Apple’s $5,000 Pro Display XDR, this is the ultimate workstation for high-value digital creation. If you need the Mac Pro, you know you need it. (Spoiler: most of us don’t need it, but there are those for whom it’s an essential tool.)
The Mac Studio, which looks like a taller Mac mini, is the first Mac to use the M1 Ultra processor; this is two processors linked together, to provide double speed, double memory, and double GPU power. At $3,999, it’s much less expensive than the Mac Pro, and a less powerful model, with an M1 Max processor, starts at $1,999. Together with Apple’s new Studio Display, this provides a powerful workstation for creative pros. The Mac Studio supports up to 128 GB unified memory, and 8 TB SSD storage, but even fully maxed out, only costs $7,999; compare that to the cost of a top-of-the-line Mac Pro, which is about that of a Tesla.
However, the Mac Studio is not expandable, and you may need [certain types of expansion cards that you can only add to the Mac Pro](https://support.apple.com/en-gb/guide/mac-pro/apd589f8ae17/mac).
On the laptop side, the high end is the 16″ MacBook Pro which starts at $2,499; its price rises if you add a processor with more, and if you up the memory and storage. It’s possible to configure a 16″ MacBook Pro to cost over $6,000. (I discuss memory and storage below.)
What do you use your Mac for?
Do you just use a Mac for browsing the web, sending email, perhaps streaming music or playing simple games? If so, you don’t need to buy the cheapest Mac – at least one running Apple’s M1 processor – is the best choice. Go for the base model MacBook Air, which sells for $999; you won’t regret this.
However, if you’re a serious gamer or if you shoot a lot of videos or edit photos, then you’ll want a Mac that can handle the load. With the speed of the M1 Macs, however, you may not need to max out your gaming rig. With now five processors – the M1, M1 Pro, M1 Max, M1 Ultra, and M2 – what seemed simple when Apple first released these Macs has now gotten more complicated. Even processor benchmarks are hard to interpret; the single-core performance of all the M1 processors is essentially the same, and the multi-core benchmarks show little difference between the M1 Pro and the M1 Max.
And do you want portability? If so, how much weight are you willing to carry around? Do you want a computer that you can use on your desk but that you can fold up when you don’t need it? Today’s laptops can offer the best of both worlds for many people. Even if you find the display a bit small for home or office use, you can connect an external monitor, but you can put it out of the way when you aren’t using it and don’t want to see it.
If weight matters, then the MacBook Air at 2.7 lb. is the lightest of Apple’s laptops, trailed by the 13″ MacBook Pro at 3 lb., and the 14″ MacBook Pro at 3.5 lb. The 16″ MacBook Pro is a whopping 4.7 lb., so you may want to avoid this model if you want to travel light.
If your computer usage is fairly light and if there are no special apps you need – and if you don’t need to work with lots of files that you copy to and from your computer – [you might even want to consider an iPad](https://www.intego.com/mac-security-blog/which-ipad-is-best-for-you/).
Desktop Mac Pros and Cons
If you work at a desk – at home or in an office – and don’t need a portable computer, then the iMac is the best choice. Only the 24″ model is available; Apple discontinued the 27″ iMac when the company released the Mac Studio, so if you do want a larger display, you should consider either a Mac mini with Apple’s Studio display, or the new Mac Studio, with the same display. Or, you could work with a laptop connected to the Studio Display; the MacBook Pro can be specced out much higher than the Mac mini, which was one of the first Macs to adopt the M1 processor.
The current Mac mini is a good deal for many use cases: it starts at $699, it’s small and quiet, and only requires that you add your own peripherals. Apple still sells a Mac mini with an Intel processor: it’s $1,099, and if you need a small desktop Mac with an Intel processor, it’s currently your only option.
The Mac mini.
Mac Laptop Pros and Cons
Apple has two laptop lines: the MacBook Air and the MacBook Pro. The MacBook Air comes in a 13″ model, and the MacBook Pro is available in 13″, 14″, and 16″.
The M2 MacBook Air is a great choice for anyone who wants a powerful, yet inexpensive Mac. It’s slightly lighter than the 13″ MacBook Pro, and the main difference is that the MacBook Pro has a Touch Bar. This feature is loved by some and hated by many and increases the price of the MacBook Pro substantially. If you do find the Touch Bar useful, you might want to lean in that direction. But the base M2 MacBook Air costs $1,199 and the MacBook Pro starts at $1,299.
The 13″ MacBook Pro.
As far as usage, the two models are similar. They both have the same processor, offer the same amounts of RAM, and each has only two USB-C / Thunderbolt ports. It’s worth noting that the MacBook Air is fanless, so makes no noise. Part of the reason for this is the fact that Apple’s M1 processor is so power-efficient that it doesn’t give off much heat. So if you want a quiet Mac, the MacBook Air is for you. And the MacBook Air also has Mag-Safe charging, while the MacBook Pro has a Touch Bar.
In October 2021, Apple brought out two new MacBook Pro models, the 14″ and 16″, with M1 Pro and M1 Max processors. If the first M1 Macs were fast, these are even faster, especially with the additional graphics cores they contain. Prices for these models start at $1999 and $1499 respectively.
The 14″ and 16″ MacBook Pros.
The M1 Pro and Max MacBook Pros have more ports, and offer MagSafe charging. This is a magnetic cable connection, which ensures that, if you trip over your charging cable, your laptop will not crash to the floor. (The M2 MacBook Air also has this feature.) They have improved displays, and are much better overall than the 13″ MacBook Pro. But if you don’t need these extra features, and power, you can save a lot of money by getting either the MacBook Air or the MacBook Pro 13″.
Storage and memory
Apple makes a lot of money on its build-to-order models where you add storage and memory to your Mac. And they’re not calling this RAM anymore on their own processors, but rather unified memory, since it is shared across the processor by its different subsystems. In addition, it’s welded to the processor, so the days of buying cheaper third-party RAM are over. (With the exception of the Mac Pro.) For example, if you buy the 13″ MacBook Pro with 8 GB memory, its base price is $1,299. If you want to add another 8 GB to it, that’s $200 more, and another $200 to max it out at 24 GB. To double the storage from 256 GB to 512 GB, that’s another $200. With the maximum 24 GB memory and 2 TB SSD storage, that computer is now $2,499.
If you look at the more recent M1 Pro and M1 Max models, you have more options for the processor, memory, and storage. The 14″ MacBook Pro starts at $1,999, and you can spend up to $700 more for a processor with more cores, up to $800 more to go from 16 GB memory to 64 GB, and up to a whopping $2,400 more to add 8 TB of SSD storage. And the Mac Studio, with an M1 Ultra processor, lets you go up to 128 GB of memory.
Do you really need extra memory and storage? The arrival of the M1 Macs has changed this calculation. Their processors and on-board RAM are so well optimized that an 8 GB model may be sufficient for all your needs. I bought the base M1 MacBook Air, and, for the first time ever, I stuck with the default RAM, just 8 GB. I’ve been able to use this with the most demanding tasks that I perform, and the computer doesn’t even blink.
On the newer MacBook Pro models, memory starts at 16 GB, and can go up to 64 GB, depending on the processor option. If you use your Mac for processor-intensive tasks, you may want to go for the maximum, but that’s really putting the “pro” in the MacBook Pro. These certainly are pro computers: they can handle heavy video editing, and, in this case, get as much as you can afford. But don’t think that 64 GB memory will change your everyday work if you don’t do demanding computing tasks.
As for storage, one rule of thumb is to look at your computer today and see how much you use, then double that amount. Because over the lifespan of the computer, your apps will get larger, you’ll have more photos, more music and more videos. However, if you have a very large music or video library, you may not need to pay for extra storage; with a desktop Mac, you can use an external drive. External SSDs are inexpensive, and take up little space, so if you need, say, 1 TB of passive storage, that’s your best option. (See this article for more on choosing the right type of drive.)
One Way to Save Money
You may be able to save money by checking out the Refurbished and Clearance section on Apple’s online store. Here you’ll find Macs and other Apple products at generally 15% off. These may be last year’s models, but they benefit from the full Apple warranty and you can even buy AppleCare protection. I’ve bought Macs like this and they are a good way to save money. You don’t have any configuration options, though, so you need to find a Mac that matches your needs. At the time of this writing, Apple is selling lots of M1 Macs on their refurbished page, but also has plenty of refurbished Intel Macs, and, if you need one of these, this is a good option. .
There are lots of choices for Macs today, covering a wide range of size, weight, power, and price, with a solid line of Macs with Apple’s own processors. Given that Apple’s transition to their own processors is nearly complete, this is a good time to get a new Mac that is fast, and has the potential to serve you for many years.
How can I learn more?
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